Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2015, Page: 28-31
The Impact of Lead and Nickel Environmental Pollution on Blood Levels of Liver Enzymes in House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) in Kosovo
Lulzim Millaku, Department of Biology, Mathematics & Natural Science Faculty, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosovo
Resmije Imeri, Department of Biology, Agricultural & Veterinary Faculty, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosovo
Jeton Orllati, Department of Biology, Mathematics & Natural Science Faculty, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosovo
Artan Trebicka, Department of Biology, Natural Science Faculty, University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
Received: Jan. 19, 2015;       Accepted: Jan. 28, 2015;       Published: Feb. 3, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20150301.16      View  2402      Downloads  172
Abstract
The aim of this study was the evaluation of environmental pollution with heavy metals such as Lead and Nickel on the living organisms in industrial areas, using the blood of House sparrow (Passer domesticus) as a bio-indicator of pollution by metals. For this purpose, a blood collection was performed on 32 house sparrows (Passer domesticus) males and females, which were captured in Mitrovica town (situated close to smelter “Trepqa”, closed in year 2000), Drenas town (near the Ferronickel smelter, pollution area) and in rural area (Ujmir village, not contaminated area). In blood plasma we have analysed: alkaline phosphatase (AP), plasma alanin aminotransferase (ALT), aspartat aminotransferase (AST) and total proteins (TP) in house sparrow (Passer domesticus). The results obtained indicate the different values of the enzymes activity (AP, ALT, AST) in blood sparrows between the localities studied. Higher values of AST in significant scale (p<0.001) were found in sparrows from Mitrovica and Drenas town compared with the reference site (Ujmirë village). Values of enzymes ALT, AP and total proteins are different between the analyzed groups but the differences are not significant. Further studies are warranted to investigate the mechanism of susceptibility of house sparrow to environmental pollution.
Keywords
Metals, House Sparrow, Biochemical Parameters
To cite this article
Lulzim Millaku, Resmije Imeri, Jeton Orllati, Artan Trebicka, The Impact of Lead and Nickel Environmental Pollution on Blood Levels of Liver Enzymes in House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) in Kosovo, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, pp. 28-31. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20150301.16
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