Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Page: 22-30
Microbial contamination Load of Hatching Eggs in Butaleja, Eastern Uganda
James Higenyi, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, England
John David Kabasa, Department of Biosecurity, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Received: Feb. 10, 2014;       Published: Mar. 20, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20140202.12      View  3401      Downloads  244
Abstract
The continued malnutrition and poverty challenges in the poor rural households of Uganda have led to adoption of the policy on modernization of agriculture from subsistence to commercial production as a strategic intervention. As such, the poultry industry has received much attention because of its short generation interval, high rate of productivity, limited land demand, low economic values, minimal cultural/ religious taboos, and manure which complements crop-livestock subsystems. As a result, the sector has evolved with emergence of innovative hatchery technologies. Hatchability and chick quality problems are emerging concerns in hatcheries under village production system. Microbial infection critically influences hatchability and quality of chicks in hatcheries. The objective of this study was to determine microbial contaminations in hatching eggs and predict the effect on hatchability in Butaleja district of Uganda. Experimental and descriptive survey tools were employed. Results reveal that, important microbial contaminants in hatching eggs included Escherichia coli, Proteus, Pseudomonas aerogenous, Staphylococcus aureus and fungal microbes. Prevalence evaluation of the microbes showed the following; Escherichia coli (19%), fungi (3%), Proteus (2%), Pseudomonas aerogenous (9%) and Staphylococcus aureus (18%) on outer shell surface and Pseudomonas aerogenous (4%) and Staphylococcus aureus (4%) inside the egg. The key risk factors identified were associated with location of the farm, breed type, poor farm hygiene, prolonged egg storage days, lack of laying nests and predominance of free-range system. It is important to implement farmers’ education campaigns to disseminate knowledge and skills on modern poultry production and management practices together with improvement of local breed to adopt the new innovation.
Keywords
Poultry Production, Hatching Eggs, Microbial Contamination, Farmer Education
To cite this article
James Higenyi, John David Kabasa, Microbial contamination Load of Hatching Eggs in Butaleja, Eastern Uganda, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 22-30. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20140202.12
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