Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2019, Page: 132-138
Palm Trees in Kerkena Archipelago (Tunisia) Natural Heritage in Degradation
Mounira Kebaïli Tarchouna, Department of Geography, University of Manouba, Tunis, Tunisia
Received: Apr. 26, 2019;       Accepted: May 23, 2019;       Published: Jun. 10, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.earth.20190803.12      View  194      Downloads  21
Abstract
In South Tunisia’s oases, palm trees are the main irrigated crop. However, in Kerkena, a Mediterranean archipelago located off the east coast of Tunisia, they represent a natural vegetation and a key element, along with the sea, in the natural landscape and the island’s economy. The palm tree is “the king tree of Kerkena” according to André Louis, because all of its constituents were used in traditional fishing techniques, especially fixed fisheries, and in the daily life of kerkenians. Yet today, this natural vegetation is in degradation because of natural and anthropogenic factors. Soil salinization and sea level rise are the main natural causes, while the change in the palm tree’s position in the island’s economy is what humans are responsible for. In this work, we will be treating the issue of palm trees degradation. Therefore, a first part will be dedicated to the natural causes of the deterioration of this natural heritage, a second will be an analysis of the anthropogenic factors, and a third will be devoted to the enhancement of this natural heritage to preserve it and restore its importance in the economy of the archipelago.
Keywords
Palm Trees, Fixed Fisheries, Soil Salinization, Sea Level Rise, Man’s Role
To cite this article
Mounira Kebaïli Tarchouna, Palm Trees in Kerkena Archipelago (Tunisia) Natural Heritage in Degradation, Earth Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2019, pp. 132-138. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20190803.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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